The font used in footnotes and endnotes should be the same as the font used in the main paper (although the automatic note function in a programme such as Word will often use a different one, so do watch for this and adjust the font if necessary), but the text in notes can be a little smaller than the text in the main document (a 10-point instead of 12-point font, for instance), so long as the.
If the notes are located at the bottom of each page, they're called footnotes; if they're collected at the end of the paper, they're called endnotes. Generally, in history it's preferred that the writer use footnotes.
Custom Research Papers with Footnotes. Research paper footnotes are a way of citing a source of reference within the text of an article. This can be also considered as an alternate means of citation. In addition to research papers footnotes are also used in citing sources for various types of essays as well.Center and bold the word “Footnotes” at the top of the page. Indent one tab (or five spaces) on the first line of each footnote. Put a space between the footnote number and the footnote itself. Then, follow normal paragraph spacing rules.Research Paper: Use Footnotes and Endnotes As you write your first draft, including the introduction, body, and conclusion, add the information or quotations on your note cards to support your ideas. Use footnotes or endnotes to identify the sources of this information.
Footnotes are difficult for printers to format, and they can intrude on the flow of the text. The American Psychological Association no longer permits them for citing sources; instead, APA style uses in-text citations with the author’s name and the source’s date. However, you may use footnotes in an APA-style research.
Endnotes are much the same as footnotes except that they are placed at the end your research paper instead of at the bottom of a page. In books, they can be placed after each chapter or at the end of the book. In many cases, the book publisher decides the best placement. Endnotes, as footnotes, are numerically noted in superscript.
How To Use Footnotes In An APA Research Paper: Basic Tips. The American Psychological Association (APA) has a particular way of using and formatting the footnotes. There are two kinds of footnotes that are acceptable in this format which are the content footnote and the copyright footnote.
The only real difference is placement -- footnotes appear at the bottom of the relevant page, while endnotes all appear at the end of your document. If you want your reader to read your notes right away, footnotes are more likely to get your reader's attention.
Since footnotes are under the text, readers can see them in context when source materials or additional explanations may be most useful. On the other hand, if the sources or additional information can be found later, it is best to use endnotes.
Research footnote takes the form of a superscripted number, just how a paraphrased piece of information. Subsequently, a cross-reference to this number is inserted at the bottom of the same page. In fact, for dissertations and theses, many how use footnotes to keep track of their citations, paper a short note of what how each one adds to the paper.
Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page and endnotes come at the end of the document. A number or symbol on the footnote or endnote matches up with a reference mark in the document. Click where you want to reference to the footnote or endnote.
Footnotes are typically a condensed version of a citation at the conclusion of a text. Any content included in a footnote will typically be done last. Finish the paper in its entirety, including all references used, and then add footnotes. Navigate to the end of the sentence where the footnote will go.
Endnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Endnote citation. Endnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space.
Note that Endnotes are exactly the same as Footnotes, but they appear at the end of the document. Although ideally only one format should be used, a single document can have both footnotes and endnotes, whereby they are distinguished in the text by using different note reference marks (e.g. Arabic numerals for footnotes and Roman for endnotes).
If the footnotes are compiled on a separate page, the title “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page. Avoid formatting the title with bold, italics, underlining, or quotation marks. Indent the first line of each footnote five spaces from the left margin, and double-space the entire page.